The Maturation of Maker’s Mark

Makers Mark Distillery
Maker’s Mark Distillery

Change isn’t something that comes naturally to Maker’s Mark. For most of the brand’s history, it sold only one product, made in a small historic distillery, tucked away in the remote hills of Loretto, Kentucky. The Maker’s Mark distillery is one of the few American distilleries housed in a registered historical landmark, a status that has helped restrict the brand’s ability to substantively change and grow its operations over the years.

Greg Davis Showing Off Maker's 46 Process
Greg Davis Showing Off Maker’s 46 Process

With the boom in American whiskey, even Maker’s Mark couldn’t avoid the winds of change, and in 2010 it launched Maker’s 46, its first product line extension in the history of the company. Maker’s 46 is made using Maker’s Mark bourbon and finished for 8-12 months in barrels containing seared French oak staves. The process married the very traditional way of making Maker’s Mark with a decidedly new approach, aimed at drawing out and emphasizing some of the classic flavor notes in the whiskey to deliver a new experience.

Maker’s 46 was a success, but it would become the swan song of Bill Samuel Jr.’s career, who in early 2011 retired from the company, turning the reigns over to his son Rob Samuels. Around the same time, long time Maker’s Mark head distiller, Kevin Smith, was moved over to head operations at the Jim Beam distillery, resulting in the hiring of a new Maker’s Mark Master Distiller, Greg Davis.

Maker's Mark Tasting Room
Maker’s Mark Tasting Room

With Rob Samuels at the helm, Maker’s Mark focused on expanding its customer experience. Rob helped build a new tasting room and blanketed the walls of the distillery with Maker’s inspired art. The fresh coat of paint at Maker’s Mark would hardly have time to dry before Rob Samuels had to face his first major challenge.

In 2013, an exploding whiskey market created demand for Maker’s Mark that far outstripped their supply. So, on February 9, 2013, Rob Samuels sent an email out to Maker’s Mark’s most loyal followers, the Maker’s Mark Ambassadors, informing them of the companies plans to bring whiskey down by a couple of percentage points in ABV to meet the demand while still maintaining the integrity of the whiskey.

The response to this proposed change was nothing short of a scandal. Maker’s Mark “Watergate” became a national story, with mass media covering the outcry of consumers over the change in their beloved whiskey. The company quickly responded, reversing their decision to change their legendary product. “At the end of the day, Maker’s Mark isn’t our whiskey, it’s your whiskey, we are here because of you, and so when you (the consumer) spoke up, we listened,” explained Maker’s Mark Master Distiller Greg Davis.

You’d think after navigating through such rough waters, Maker’s Mark would have been gun shy about any form of change. Instead, Maker’s “Watergate” scandal actually helped make Maker’s Mark stronger and codified the new team of Chief Operating Officer Rob Samuels, Master Distiller Greg Davis, and Distillery Maturation Specialist Jane Conner.

Maker's Mark Distiller Greg Davis
Maker’s Mark Master Distiller Greg Davis

Together, this team helped put into motion an expansion of the distillery to help increase the company’s capacity by 50% over the next 6 years from its current 2 million cases per year to 3 million. Given the challenge of working in a historical landmark and preserving the Maker’s Mark process exactly, Maker’s cloned the distillery, adding 21 additional fermenters and an exact carbon copy of the Maker’s Mark stills. “My job is to preserve and protect the integrity of the liquid”, says Greg Davis, “and so when we expanded, everything was focused on making sure there was absolutely no change to our whiskey.”

A Significant Expansion To Meet Growing Demand
A Significant Expansion to Meet Growing Demand

“We spent a year testing the new fermenters, which were covered rather than open to manage the carbon dioxide in a more environmentally friendly way,” says Greg Davis. “Most distilleries test their spirit to parts per billion, we actually test down to parts per trillion to identify even the most undetectable change, and we do this daily so we can ensure consistency, which is the core of what Maker’s Mark is.”

With a solid plan in place to help meet demand, Maker’s stepped up to bat again with another new product: Maker’s Mark Cask Strength. “We hadn’t planned to release a cask strength version of Maker’s Mark,” says Greg Davis. “The conversation came about from bartenders who visited the distillery and sampled Maker’s Mark at cask strength. They said ‘This stuff is great, you all need to bring it out.’ The bartender community really drove this to fruition.” Again, Maker’s Mark’s customers had spoken and the brand responded.

Maker's 46 Cask Strength Whiskey
Maker’s 46 Cask Strength Whiskey

Maker’s Mark Cask Strength was met with critical acclaim, including an astronomically high score from us at Drink Spirits. It was truly innovation Maker’s Mark style, focusing on the core to give people an experience they have never had before. Based on the success of Cask Strength Maker’s Mark, the company decided to create a distillery-only release for Maker’s 46 Cask Strength. “People don’t happen on Maker’s Mark, they plan to go here, as we’re a good 18 miles away from Bardstown. We wanted something special at the distillery for them as our way of thanking them for making the journey,” remarks Rob Samuels, head of Maker’s Mark.

Stunning Chihuly Installation at Makers Mark
Stunning Chihuly Installation at Maker’s Mark

In addition to facing high demand for their products, Maker’s found an ever-increasing number of visitors to its distillery. “We were one of the first bourbon distilleries to open its doors to visitors,” remarks Rob Samuels. To that end, Maker’s Mark worked with the State of Kentucky to build a major new road to the distillery, making it easier for visitors to make their way and park. They also renovated one of the buildings on the distillery property, turning it into a showcase welcome center. “We are working on more exciting experiences for our distillery guests, including some amazing culinary experiences tied into our whiskey,” says Rob Samuels.

With the two cask strength releases of their two products, you’d think this would be the end of the story, but it isn’t. Emboldened by the response to meeting customers needs, Maker’s turned its attention to the increasingly popular barrel purchase programs which have become common at many American whiskey distilleries.

“The whole thing about Maker’s is consistency. So when we actually did cask strength, we looked at single barrels and, honest to God, and we stood in our quality lab and said this would be the most boring single barrel program in the history of the world, because they all tasted pretty much the same,” explains Maker’s Mark Distillery Maturation Specialist Jane Conner.

“So Bill (Samuels Jr.), started talking about his time creating 46 and how it was the best time he had in his four decade career, because basically what he did with 46 is created his perfect version of Maker’s Mark. It was still Maker’s Mark, but he highlighted certain nuances and accelerated certain flavors that really resonated with him, and that’s where the idea was born – wouldn’t that be fun for someone to create their perfect version of Maker’s Mark?”

Maker's Mark Custom Barrel Program
Maker’s Mark Custom Barrel Program

From this came the new Maker’s Mark Private Select Barrel Program, which takes cask strength Maker’s Mark whiskey and then finishes it using the Maker’s 46 process: finished Maker’s Mark is transferred into another oak barrel with 10 French Oak staves suspended in it, and then aged for an additional 8-12 months. These barrels can only be aged when temperatures in the distillery are 60 degrees or lower, typically only from October through February. “This temperature range is important, because we want a slower extraction with the French oak staves, getting all the good elements while still balancing the whiskey with the wood,” explains Greg Davis.

Participants in the Maker’s Mark Private Select experience can select from five different staves, which can be mixed and matched up to the 10 staves used in the barrel.

The first stave option is an American oak stave, seasoned for 12 months and then baked in a convection oven at a low temperature for a very long time. This style of baking breaks down the oak’s lignent, giving intense vanilla, caramel, brown sugar, oaky flavors. “This is kind of catnip for all the people who love American Oak goodies,” says Jane Conner. “The result of this stave is all about American oak, and what you get from it. It’s not as complex as the traditional Maker’s, as it exaggerates all the vanilla, adds a touch more cinnamon spice, but softer, and lots of baking spices”.

The second stave option, referred to as the Cuvee stave, is a grooved stave made from French oak, seared using the same infrared technology and oven used for 46 at a very high heat for a very short time. The grooves in the stave not only give more surface area for the whiskey to interact with, but the peaks on the grooves cook more than the valleys, which gives a wider blend of flavors. The Cuvee stave gives more marzipan, sweet almond, caramel, nugget, and dark oak. It’s viscous and velvety, and has oak presence without losing balance.

The third stave option is the classic Maker’s 46 stave. “It is too good not to leave it as an option. It’s made by a very proprietary process, but I think the 46 stave is cooked more than the cuvee stave because you get slight smoke and intensity of baking spices,” remarks Jane.

The Mocha Stave is the fourth choice in the Maker’s Mark Private Select Barrel Program. This stave is made from French oak baked in a convection over at a super high temperature, longer than the Cuvee and Maker’s 46 staves, but not as long as the American Oak stave. “Flavor lives at certain temperatures in oak, and when you start getting at these high temperatures, you get into some really dark roasted flavors. If you eat dark chocolate, you get that really dry and earthy flavor. This manages to be dry without being earthy. Drier, rich, and smoky.”

The final option is referred to as the Spice Stave, made from French oak baked in a convection oven starting at a high temperature and then brought down to a lower temperature. The spice stave produces a whiskey that is really intense in baking spices. It’s more astringent, more full in the mouth, with an amazing cool finish.

“They are all really different, all exaggerated flavor profiles, that already exist in Maker’s Mark. Literally, the idea is, you get to taste pure and then you get to play bourbon’s Dr. Frankenstein and figure out what to marry together to create a flavor profile,” says Jane.

With five different stave options and ten stave slots per barrel, there are over a thousand different possible combinations. “What’s interesting is, we still view it as one product, just different expressions of the same thing. That’s what I love about what we do. We still do one thing, we just offer you different faces of that one thing.”

The Maker’s Mark Private Select Barrel Program will be extremely limited in its first year, focused on on-premise and retailers in the Kentucky and Illinois area. Since the aging season is currently limited to October through February, the program will also have seasonality to it. Maker’s Mark is investigating climate controlled aging spaces to accommodate the possible high demand for the program.

Maker's Mark
Maker’s Mark

In just five years, Maker’s Mark has gone through a tremendous amount of change and maturation, and yet has still has managed to maintain its singular focus: keep making Maker’s Mark the way their customers have always wanted it. With that, Maker’s has found innovative ways of presenting the Maker’s Mark experience without losing sight of who they really are.

Further Reading:
The Story of Maker’s Mark
Interview with Bill Samuels Jr.
Maker’s Mark Cask Strength Whisky Review